Consultant Podiatric Surgeon
Mr Kannegieter is a Consultant Podiatric Surgeon, based at Braintree Community Hospital, Essex. Mr Kannegieter practices at the Queen Anne Street Medical Centre, adjacent to Harley Street, London, and here at Baddow Hospital. For more information please see his website at www.kannfootsurgery.com
Mr Kannegieter qualified from Glasgow Caledonian University with a distinction in 1999 and winner of the university's clinical medicine prize. Subsequently training in Bishop's Stortford, Epping, Colchester, Ilkeston and Reading, he gained his fellowship in Podiatric Surgery in 2012. Having spent three years as Specialist Registrar in Podiatric Surgery at the Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, Mr Kannegieter has honed his skills and experience in elective foot surgery and developed a special interest in the treatment of the rheumatoid foot.
Performing approximately 400 NHS elective foot surgery procedures every year. Mr Kannegieter has developed a broad yet high level of skill in dealing with foot pain and deformity.
Mr Kannegieter has a special interest in the rheumatoid foot having spent the last three years in an NHS unit that worked closely with rheumatology colleagues, providing conservative and surgical options for patients suffering with RhA and foot pain and deformity.
Dr Brown now follows a varied part time career in Medical Management, General Practice and Emergency & Pre Hospital Medicine
My main focus will be covering for Dr Olver when she takes leave however I would also be pleased to see patients by arrangement.
Following a successful career in Environmental health Dr Brown followed a lifelong ambition to read Medicine.
His medical training commenced at the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, where he qualified in 1998 with a distinction in Medicine. Having completed various rotations, Dr Brown began training as a GP in 1999, in Chelmsford. After qualifying as a GP in 2003, he was invited to join Tiptree Medical Centre as a full Partner, where he remained until October 2015. Dr Brown was awarded fellowship of the Royal College of General Practitioners (FRCGP) in 2013 for services to General Practice.
-Post graduate qualifications in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Family Planning and Emergency Medicine
-Experience in minor surgery, Cryotherapy, joint injections, fitting and removal of contraceptive implants and intrauterine devices.
Consultant Dermatologist & MOHS Surgeon
Dr Mann is a consultant Dermatologist and a MOHS surgeon (micro-graphic surgery). He is the skin cancer lead at Basildon and Thurrock University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.
Dr Mann specialises in MOHS surgery and advanced dermatological surgery at the St John's institute of Dermatology. In 2014-2015 undertook higher training in dermatology in Kent, Surrey and Sussex and attended Medical School at UCL.
-Mohs Micro-graphic Surgery
I am an experienced GP with the fundamental belief, good doctors should be able to produce bespoke healthcare, tailored to every patient’s needs.
Over the last 24 years I have come to regard many of my patients as friends and while dealing with their many and varied medical issues have together managed to improve our golf and share experiences of the ‘joys’ of bringing up children. I feel this is how good General Practice should be and look forward to many more mutually beneficial discussions as an Independent GP.
Having trained at St George’s Medical School, London, I qualified with an MBBS in 1986. My GP training was completed in and around South London and I became a GP partner in Chelmsford in 1992. Having obtained a diploma in Dermatology in 2006, I went on to further my qualifications in Dermatology by completing the Cardiff Dermoscopy course in 2014. I am also qualified in Occupational Medicine.
A GP trainer since 2001, I had the privilege of teaching numerous GPs. I am able to undertake Occupational Medicine and am an Appointed Doctor for the HSE under the Lead, Asbestos and Ionising Radiation regulations. I have a keen interest in skin lesion diagnosis and treatment
Plastic, reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeon
Mr Sierakowski has a private practice in Essex and works as an NHS consultant at the St Andrew's Centre for Plastic Surgery, Chelmsford. Adam is a member of the British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (BAPRAS) and holds both British and European postgraduate diplomas in Hand Surgery.
Adam qualified in medicine at the University of London in 2003. He went on to train at some of the top plastic surgery units in London and the renowned St Andrews Centre at Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford. He has published extensively in the field of plastic surgery and is a regular speaker at international conferences. His areas of specialist interest are hand surgery and reconstructive microsurgery.
• Hand Surgery
• Skin Cancer
• Reconstructive Surgery
• Body Contouring and Breast Surgery
Consultant General, Colorectal & Laparoscopic Surgeon
Mr Hammond is a Consultant General, Colorectal & Laparoscopic Surgeon based at Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford, Essex. His main interests include bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, anal conditions and hernias.
Mr Hammond graduated from Liverpool University Medical School in 1998 and completed surgical training in 2012. During this time, he trained at St Mark's Hospital, London, a national and international referral centre for intestinal and colorectal disorders, and was awarded a nationally-appointed fellowship in Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery, which he undertook at Colchester University Hospital.
During his training, Mr Hammond completed a research MD investigating the role of biomaterials in the management of parastomal hernias and anal fistulas. For this, he was awarded the Colon & Rectal Disease Research Foundation Prize by the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britian & Ireland (ACPGBI), and granted a travelling fellowship by the Coloproctology Section of the Royal Society of Medicine.
Mr Hammond continues to enjoy publishing and presenting on his research areas of interest and has co-authored a number of book chapters. He has also been invited to review articles for The Lancet, British Journal of Surgery, Colorectal Disease, Techniques in Coloproctology and The International Journal of Surgery.
Open & Laparoscopic (keyhold) surgery for bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel and diverticular disease, and groin hernias.
Mr Hammond has subspecialty interests in anal pathology, such as haemorrhoids and anal fistulas, and abdominal wall reconstruction for complex and recurrent hernias.
Mr Lorenzi is a Consultant Surgeon at Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford and specialises in Minimally Invasive and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, including Cancer and Weight Loss Surgery.
Mr Lorenzi graduated and completed his surgical training at the prestigious University of Siena in Italy, where he also achieved his PhD, in collaboration with the University of Oxford.
Mr Lorenzi obtained training in high volume, renowned centres in the USA (Cleveland Clinic in Weston, Florida), France (Istitut Paoli-Calmettes in Marseille), and the UK (Oxford Radcliffe University Hospitals, St. James’ University Hospital in Leeds, The Royal Marsden Hospital and Imperial College in London).
He has a particular interest in Robotic and Laparoscopic Surgery, as well as weight loss surgery.
Laparoscopic weight loss surgery (gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric band, intragastric balloon, revision weight loss surgery)
Surgery for gastric and oesophageal cancers
Mini and micro 'scarless' laparoscopy
Laparoscopic and open hernia repair, laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery
Laparoscopic and open emergency surgery
Gastrointestinal endoscopy (diagnostic and therapeutic).
Consultant Gynaecological Surgeon
Mr Robarts is a Consultant Gynaecologist with Mid Essex Hospital Trust, based in Chelmsford, and practices general gynaecology with a special interest in early pregnancy, menstrual disorders, female infertility and menopausal problems.
Having qualified in 1975 and served his junior posts in Edinburgh, Mr Robarts migrated south to East Anglia to become Senior Registrar at Norfolk & Norwich Hospital and Addenbrookes Hospital, where he held Honorary Lecturer Status. In 1988, he became Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Mid Essex Hospitals, working first at St John’s Hospital and Broomfield Hospital, and was also Director of Clinical Studies for Undergraduates from the Cambridge University Medical School for a decade. He subsequently became Clinical Director of the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Directorate.
Mr Robarts has pioneered several procedures in the United Kingdom including ‘Adiana’ Hysteroscopic Sterilisation and the single incision Urethral Sling Procedure for stress incontinence. In 2008, he and a colleague were awarded the Barker Brettel Award for Medical Technology after devising a new surgical instrument to aid easier removal of uterine polyps.
Mr Phillip Robarts owns a 24.4% share in Baddow Hospital LTD.
• Menstrual disorders
• Interstitial cystitis
• Female infertility
• Transvaginal ultrasound
• Endoscopic surgery
• Urinary incontinence and prolapse
• Menopause problems
• Early pregnancy
Consultant ENT Surgeon
Mr Pace-Balzan is a General ENT Surgeon with vast experience in nasal, throat and ear problems and with a particular interest in paediatric surgery. Mr Pace-Balzan also has a special interest in salivary gland problems (including parotid surgery) and other neck pathology. He is a member of British Medical Association, ENT UK (British Association of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery) and the Royal Society of Medicine.
Mr Pace-Balzan qualified as a doctor in London in 1977. He was Senior House Officer and then Registrar in General Surgery before starting his training in ENT at Manchester Royal Infirmary and then joining the Senior Registrar Rotation in Manchester. He was a Research Fellow at the Ear Pathology Research Laboratory in Toronto, Canada in 1991. Having completed his higher surgical training, Mr Pace-Balzan was appointed Consultant ENT Surgeon at Mid Essex Hospital Trust in Chelmsford, Essex in 1992.
Mr Pace–Balzan’s special interests are ENT problems in children, ear disease, nasal obstruction and neck lumps, including salivary glands.
Pain Management Specialist
Dr Mendis is a Consultant in Pain Management, offering private treatment for pain in Essex at Baddow Hospital. He also holds the post of Regional Advisor to the North Thames Region of the Faculty of Pain Medicine of the Royal College of Anaesthetists.
Dr Mendis completed his training in London, Sri Lanka and the Ukraine, where he graduated from Vinnitsa Medical Academy. Since 2004, Dr Mendis has presented original lectures on a wide variety of related topics and given press interviews to local and international media as part of local and international awareness campaigns on chronic pain. He has been a Consultant in Pain Medicine and Anaesthetics at Mid Essex Hospital Services NHS Trust since March 2005.
Dr Mendis places high importance on full assessment and examination during the first consultation and any necessary investigations in order to give a clear clinical diagnosis to each patient. Dr Mendis can provide a number of interventional pain treatments, including Lumbar Facet Joint Injections, Peripheral Nerve Block, Trigger Joint Injections and Stellate Ganglion Block.
• Pain relief
• Lower back pain
• Head and neck pain
• Acute myofascial pain
I am a Registered Nurse with a post graduate diploma from University College London on Clinical Medical Hypnosis. I successfully undertook a BSC (Hons) in Health Studies and a Masters in Pain Management before training in hypnosis. I previously worked with patients using hypnosis at the Laurels GP surgery at Boreham and I have contributed and co-edited the ‘Chronic Pain Management’ book by Wiley.
I trained as a Registered Nurse at Scarborough General Hospital before moving to Oxford to study Orthopaedic Nursing. I then came to Chelmsford in 1987. I have had a varied professional life as a Theatre and Recovery Sister, then as a Clinical Nurse Specialist in Pain Management, gaining a Master’s in the subject.
I have been using Medical Hypnosis within my practice for the past eight years, working with a small team in a primary care setting within a GP practice. I have presented hypnotherapy papers at national and international conferences.
• Pain management
• Body image
• Antenatal anxiety, nausea and vomiting
• Chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting
• Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
I also have a wealth of experience with problems which are not be included in this list.
Dr Claire Olver is a GP with over 10 years’ experience as a partner in NHS General Practice in Essex. Dr Olver covers all aspects of general practice, with special interests in Women’s Health, Child Health and Development, and Palliative Care.
Having qualified in 1998 from St George’s Hospital Medical School in London, Dr Olver then returned to the Chelmsford area, where she grew up. She completed her training posts with Mid Essex Hospitals in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics, General Medicine, and Psychiatry. She was a GP Registrar in two Chelmsford practices, and extended her training to include a module in Community Paediatrics. In 2004, she joined an NHS partnership in North East Essex.
Dr Olver is a dynamic and passionate GP with an emphasis on good communication and continuity of care. As a mother of three sons, she has a good understanding of the pressures on the working parent and the importance of the healthcare needs of the whole family.
• Women’s Health
• Contraception, including the fitting of intrauterine devices and systems, and subdermal implants.
• Children’s Health and Development
• Palliative Care
• Depression and stress-related issues
Dr Stephanie Lateo is a Consultant Dermatologist with over 16 years’ experience in the speciality. In addition to general dermatology, treating adults and children over one year, Dr Lateo’s work focuses on skin cancer and pre-cancerous skin lesions, mole screening and dermatological surgery.
Dr Lateo has been a Consultant Dermatologist since 2005. She completed her Certificate of Dermatology Specialist Training in Newcastle upon Tyne, after undertaking clinical research, and held posts in dermatology at two other leading teaching UK hospitals – Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge and Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham. She held NHS consultant posts with Durham and Darlington Acute Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (2005-2010), where she was designated Lead Clinician of the Specialist Skin Cancer MDT, and also with Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (2010-2014).
• Skin cancer
• Mole screening
• Solar keratosis
• Excision of skin lesions
• Inflammatory skin conditions eg eczema, psoriasis, acne.
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
Mr Ghassemi is an Orthopaedic Consultant at London University College Hospital NHS Trust with a sub-specialist interest in foot and ankle surgery.
Mr Ghassemi practices at Princess Grace Hospital, the Wellington Hospital, ISEH (Institute of Sport and Exercise), Highgate Hospital, Springfield Hospital and here at Baddow Hospital.
Mr Ghassemi received excellent training in all aspects of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, finally super-specialising in foot and ankle surgery while working at The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children and The Royal London Hospital.
His fellowship training took place at the prestigious Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre in Oxford, where he honed his skills on all aspects of complex foot and ankle surgery. His work with the Bone Infection Unit allowed him to provide the highest standards of surgical treatment of diabetic feet, a condition which has expanded throughout the world.
Mr Ghassemi's practice includes all aspects of elective and trauma foot and ankle surgery. He has a particular interest in minimally invasive surgery. He also has an ongoing interest in research and is involved with teaching orthopaedic trainees. Mr Ghassemi has published widely including a medical text book on heel pain.
Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery.
Consultant Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon
Miles Banwell has a private practice in Essex and London. He is a substantive NHS consultant at St Andrew's Centre for Plastic Surgery, Chelmsford. Miles is a full member of both BAPRAS and BAAPS.
Miles offers advanced techniques in Cosmetic Surgery, acquired during his time at specialist centres in Europe and North America. He has a Master’s Degree in Aesthetic Surgery (University of London) and is a member of the Rhinoplasty Society of Europe.
Facial Cosmetic surgery including Eye Lid Surgery, Face Lift Surgery and Rhinoplasty Surgery. Miles also routinely undertakes Cosmetic Breast Surgery and body contouring procedures.
Use of facial implants to restore lost volume is a particular interest. Miles feels passionately that the latest generation of super-fine facial implants offer a beautiful alternative to indiscriminate, repeated use of dermal fillers.
Miles also provides an elegant surgical solution to a very common and embarrassing cosmetic problem - excessive underarm perspiration (axillary hyperhidrosis), which he exclusively provides at Baddow Hospital.
Consultant Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon
Mr Griffiths has a busy plastic surgery practice in Essex with a subspecialty interest in breast and lower limb reconstruction. He is a substantive NHS consultant and surgical tutor at St Andrew’s Centre for Burns and Plastics Surgery, where he performs micro-vascular and implant-based breast reconstructions.
Mr Griffiths recently set up one of the first services in the UK to provide supra-microsurgical techniques for the treatment of lymphoedema using Lymphatico-Venous Anastomosis and Free Vascularised Lymph Node Transfer.
• Breast reconstruction
• Complex limb injuries.
Pain Management Consultant
Dr Carol McCartney is a Consultant in both Anaesthesia and Pain Management and, while based at Broomfield Hospital, Chelmsford, has been instrumental in the development of the Pain Management Programme in Mid Essex, which is an evidence-based multi-disciplinary programme to educate and enable better coping skills to manage chronic pain for chronic sufferers. Dr McCartney has recently been elected to the board of the Faculty of Pain Medicine at the Royal College of Anaesthetists.
Having qualified as a doctor at St Georges Hospital, London in 1984, Dr McCartney moved to East Surrey Hospital to begin specialist training in anaesthesia. In 1996, following terms as a Registrar at St Barts, Greenwich and Broomfield Hospitals, Dr McCartney was appointed Consultant Anaesthetist with an interest in Pain Management at Broomfield Hospital.
In 1996, Dr McCartney was appointed Clinical Lead of the Pain Clinic at Broomfield Hospital. Since 1996, Dr McCartney has built the department from two pain management consultants and one specialist nurse into a fully functioning multi-disciplinary team including five consultants, six specialist nurses, one physiotherapist and an acupuncturist.
• Back and neck pain
• Persistent post-operative pain
• Pain medicine
• Interventional pain management
• Complimentary therapies for pain management.
Consultant ENT Surgeon
Mr Maheshwar's clinical practice includes treating and operating on patients with general adult and paediatric ear, nose and throat problems such as tonsillectomy, grommet surgery in children, nasal and sinus surgery, surgery for voice problems including vocal cord paralysis, major surgeries for head and neck cancers, neck lumps, salivary gland problems and thyroid surgeries.
Having qualified as a doctor at the University of Bangalore in India in 1988, Mr Maheshwar completed his ENT training in Wales.
Mr Maheshwar has been a consultant for seven years, having previously completed his ENT training in Wales, followed by a year‘s clinical fellowship at the world-renowned Auckland City Hospital, New Zealand, and a six-month TWJ research fellowship at Cincinnati Hospital, USA.
Mr Maheshwar developed the Head and Neck Unit at Colchester Hospital, setting up its multi-disciplinary team (and subsequently, with colleagues from across Essex, founding The Essex Cancer Head and Neck MDT at Chelmsford. He is Lead Consultant for Head and Neck Cancers and Thyroid Cancers at Colchester Hospital and has been published numerous papers in peer-reviewed journals.
• Grommet surgery in children
• Nasal and sinus surgery
• Vocal cord paralysis.
Consultant Plastic & Aesthetic Surgeon
Mr Georgeu is a Consultant Aesthetic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon based in Chelmsford, Essex, and London. He is also a visiting honorary Senior Lecturer in Aesthetic Surgery at Anglia Ruskin University.
Mr Georgeu trained in medicine at the University of Cape Town, South Africa and has undertaken extensive postgraduate training in Aesthetic Surgery, culminating in a UK Certificate of Completion of Training in Plastic Surgery (CCST) in 2007. He is registered with the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons and the United Kingdom Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (UKAAPS). Mr. Georgeu holds a MSc. in Surgical Sciences from University College London.
• Breast surgery
• Body contouring
• Facial surgery.
Pain Management Consultant
Dr Waheed completed his speciality training in pain medicine in the east of England and joined a substantive consultant post at Colchester Hospital University Foundation Trust in March 2009. Prior to that, he underwent training in Ireland and Pakistan.
Dr Waheed is a member of the British Pain Society, the International Association for the Study of Pain, the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland, the Royal College of Anaesthetisists and the Society for Treatment and Study of Pain.
• Lower back pain
• Neck pain
• Muscular syndromes
• Neuropathic pain
• Post-surgical pain
• Failed back surgery
• Complex region pain syndromes.
Dr Altamura is a general dermatologist with an interest in skin cancers and management of pigmented skin lesions (‘mole mapping‘), along with skin and aesthetic surgery. He is currently based in Essex at the NHS Princess Alexandra Hospital in Harlow.
Dr Altamura graduated from the University of L’Aquila, Italy in 2003 and undertook postgraduate training in dermatology, achieving recognition on the GMC Specialist Register in 2014.
Following his training in dermatology, Dr Altamura undertook a research fellowship at the Sydney Melanoma Diagnostic Centre, Sydney, Australia, specialising in early detection and management of melanoma. He has published internationally recognised scientific articles on the topics of dermoscopy, management of pigmented skin lesions and early diagnosis of skin cancer.
Since 2009, Dr Altamura has worked in pigmented skin lesion clinics and multi-disciplinary melanoma services for various NHS Trusts, including Leeds General Infirmary, Ipswich Hospital and Princess Alexandra Hospital. In 2014, Dr Altamura was awarded a Master of Dermato-Surgery from the University of Siena, Italy and he is a member of the British Association of Dermatologists.
• Skin cancers
• Management of pigmented skin lesions (‘mole mapping’)
• General dermatology in patients, including adults and paediatrics
• Skin and aesthetic surgery.
I retired as a GP after 30 years in practice in Danbury in April 2013. I also worked as a Medical Assistant at Farleigh Hospice for 17 years.
In 1999, I gained a Diploma in Care of the Dying, the Bereaved and their Families at Middlesex University. I started practising Medical Hypnosis after the Foundation Course in 2011 and gained my BSCAH Accreditation in 2014. I also worked in the NHS Boreham Hypnosis Clinic from 2013-2015.
I qualified at London Hospital Medical College in 1978 and participated in a GP training scheme based around Harold Wood/Basildon Hospitals, undertaking my GP training year in Doddinghurst.
During my 30 years as a GP Partner, I had many medical interests. I was on the Relate Committee, the Psychiatric Division, the board of Farleigh Hospice, and I was Cancer Lead for the local primary care trust. With Consultant Psychiatrist Dr Acharrya, I started a joint Psychiatric Clinic at Danbury Surgery. Lee House Surgery was the first practice in Mid-Essex to have in house counsellors.
As a result of my interest in psychiatric care/counselling, I became interested in Medical Hypnosis. My one regret is leaving it so long before I took this course as I really appreciate the beneficial effect hypnotherapy has on my patients.
• Psychosomatic problems
• Pain management
• Victims of abuse
• Ante-natal anxiety, nausea and vomiting
• Chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting
• Eating disorders, especially bulimia
• Palliative care.
Ralph Graham has been a Consultant Podiatric Surgeon for Kent CHT for the last 15 years and has practiced in Surrey and Essex for 25 years.
Mr Graham graduated from the London Foot Hospital in 1970. Sadly this excellent specialist hospital has been subsumed into University College Hospital in London and no longer trains podiatrists. Mr Graham was awarded a Churchill Scholarship, in 1980, to visit the USA which, at the time, led the world in foot surgery. On his return he was part of the development of better foot surgery and gained his first Consultant post at the Chelmsford and Essex Hospital. He worked for Mid Essex Hospital Trust until he moved to Kent.
Mr Graham believes the quality of bunion and forefoot surgery has improved immeasurably over the last 25 years, although he also believes that there is still much to learn, especially in those under 20, which forms the greater part of his practice. He is also keen to see adult flatfoot cases.
Consultant Plastic Surgeon
Mr Mathur is a Senior Plastic Surgeon with over 25 years’ experience and is Consultant Plastic Surgeon at Broomfield Hospital Chelmsford, Mid Essex NHS Trust. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a full member of the BAPRAS (British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons).
Mr Mathur qualified in 1979 and completed his postgraduate training in Plastic Surgery in 1988. He had further sub-speciality training in breast, head and neck surgery and microsurgical reconstructions at the Canniesburn Unit in Glasgow and St. Andrew’s Centre in Chelmsford. Mr Mathur worked as a consultant in India, Saudi Arabia, Glasgow and Swansea before taking up his consultant role in Essex.
With experience of Follicular Unit Hair Transplantation in India and Saudi Arabia, Mr Mathur now provides this service within the NHS for burns and scar alopecia patients. He is on the teaching faculty of various national and international courses and undertakes workshops on breast aesthetic surgery and cancer reconstruction.
• FUT and FUE techniques for male pattern baldness
• Scar alopecia
• Eyebrow, moustache and beard
Consultant Urological Surgeon
Mr Thilagarajah is a Consultant Urological Surgeon, based in Chelmsford, who specialises in prostate and bladder disorders, stone disease and cancers of both the kidneys and prostate.
Following his training at Charing Cross Hospital and Westminster Medical School, Mr Thilagarajah went on to attain a Master of Surgery Degree at Imperial College School of Medicine, investigating the causes, diagnosis and treatment of painful bladder disease and interstitial cystitis. In 2001, he achieved recognition on the Specialist Register for Urology (CCST), the FRCS (Urol).
Mr Thilagarajah then furthered his training as a Laparoscopic Urological Surgeon as Urology Senior Fellow at Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. On his return to the UK, Mr Thilagarajah received specialist training in stone surgery at the Institute of Urology at Middlesex Hospital before being appointed Consultant Urological Surgeon at Mid Essex Health Services NHS Trust.
Mr Thilagarajah was Clinical Lead in Urology until 2012 and remains the Robotic Surgery Services Clinical Lead for Broomfield Hospital. He assisted in the creation of the Robotic Kidney Service in his role as Honorary Consultant Urological Surgeon at the Royal Marsden Hospital.
Mr Thilagarajah was instrumental in the initiation of the GreenLight laser prostate service at Broomfield Hospital, winner of an NHS Innovations award in 2005.
Mr Thilagarajah’s pastimes range from the positively sedate, namely his love of gardening and rallying in very old cars, to the positively dangerous - indulging his penchant for winter sports. He completed the Monte Carlo Rallye Historique in 2008 as part of the Broomfield Laser Charitable Appeal which raised over £220,000 for laser equipment.
Mr Ranjan Thilagarajah owns a 9.37% share in Baddow Hospital LTD
• Prostate disorders
• Stone disease
• Bladder disorders
• Kidney cancer
• GreenLight Laser Prostatectomy
• Prostate cancer
• Laparoscopic (keyhole) & robotic surgery
Consultant Plastic, Reconstructive & Burn Surgeon
Mr Van Niekerk is a Consultant Plastic, Reconstructive and Burn surgeon at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine and Birmingham Children’s Hospital. He is also Honorary Consultant Plastic Surgeon at The Royal Free Hospital, London.
Mr van Niekerk is a member of the British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (BAPRAS), the Combined Services Plastic Surgery Society (CSPSS), the United Kingdom Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (UKAAPS) and the European Burn Association (EBA). He is also registered with the General Medical Council, the Medical Protection Society and the Chartered Management Institute.
Mr van Niekerk trained in Pretoria, South Africa, qualifying as a doctor in 1996. He then went on to study at the University of Oxford, where he produced his thesis on cranofacial surgery in 2000. Fellowships in microsurgery, burn surgery and complex military trauma surgery took him to London, Glasgow and San Antonio (Texas, USA).
Appointed as a Consultant in 2010, Wing Commander van Niekerk now splits his time between his military commitments in Birmingham and his private practice.
• Natural breast augmentation
• Implant replacement
• Nipple correction
• Breast reduction
• Female genital cosmetic surgery
• Body contouring.
Consultant Urological Surgeon
Mr Acher is based in Essex and is a Consultant at the NHS Southend University Hospital, where he practices General Urology, with special interests in urinary stone disease, problems with urinary flow and urological cancers.
Mr Acher qualified as a doctor in 1999 and in 2011 was appointed Consultant Urological Surgeon at Southend University Hospital, following comprehensive training on the London Specialist Registrar rotation. Prior to this, he studied at Cambridge University, achieving a PhD in Prostate Cancer Brachytherapy and, in 2010, received a commendation at the prestigious Royal Society of Medicine Young Trainee of the Year Awards.
Mr Acher has particular expertise in the diagnosis and minimally invasive management of localised prostate cancer, including HDR and LDR Brachytheraphy. He has developed a state-of-the-art prostate cancer diagnostic service with MRI and Transperineal Prostate Biopsy, which attracts referrals from outside the region.
Currently the lead for audit within the Urology Department at Southend University Hospital and Cancer Lead for the South East Essex Urology multi-disciplinary team, Mr Acher has shown a strong commitment to teaching by attaining a formal qualification, the Postgraduate Certificate of Academic Practice, and he plans to remain involved with education in the future.
He has also written a PhD thesis entitled ’The Dosimetric Evaluation of Permanent Prostate Brachytherapy Implants‘, awarded by King’s College School of Medicine, London. Mr Acher has been published in a variety of journals, presents work at scientific meetings and regularly writes reviews for several journals. Mr Acher investigates and manages the following:
o General Urology
o Difficulty passing urine (laser surgery for benign prostate disease, urethral strictures)
o Raised PSA/Prostate Cancer Diagnosis and MRI Targeted Transperineal Prostate Biopsy, active surveillance, Brachytherapy
o Holmuim Laser Enuleation of the prostate
o Kidney stone disease
o Endourological Stone Management, including Ureteroscopy
o Circumcision (including local anaesthetic)
o Scrotal conditions eg. hydrocele repair, Vasectomy, epididymal cyst removal
o Prostate Brachytherapy when facilities allow.
Consultant Urological Surgeon
Mr Datta is a specialist in the treatment of the kidneys, bladder, prostate and genitalia in men and women. He is particularly skilled in the specialist treatment of urinary stone disease using minimally invasive surgery and the prevention of stones.
Mr Datta graduated from University College London, obtaining an Intercalated Degree in Neuroscience and a distinction in Medicine and Surgery.
He was a Royal College of Surgeons Research Fellow at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery whilst publishing several papers and book chapters and obtaining a Masters and Doctoral degrees in Neuro-urology.
Mr Datta trained in London at the Hammersmith Hospital Surgical Rotation and the North Thames Deanery, from which he graduated as a Urological Surgeon in 2012. He has worked as a consultant at the Royal Free London.
He is the undergraduate tutor for Urology at Colchester Hospital and has a postgraduate certificate in medical education.
If you are concerned about a higher than normal PSA reading, recurrent urinary infections, blood in the urine or erectile problems, Mr Datta can provide a comprehensive diagnostic workup and treatment pathway.
He sees female patients with bladder problems as well as children with paediatric urological conditions requiring both medical and surgical management.
Mr Datta is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. He is a member of the British Association of Urological Surgeons and the European Association of Urologists. He regularly attends conferences with the American Urological Association.
Colchester Hospital University Foundation Trust
• Female bladder problems
• Paediatric urological conditions
• Urinary stone diseases.
Mr Mak Tare is a UK and internationally-trained Consultant Plastic Surgeon and is a Consultant Plastic Surgeon in the renowned St Andrews Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery at Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford. Mr Tare offers complex reconstructive procedures for upper and lower limb reconstruction, skin cancer and general plastic surgery services.
Mr Mak Tare regularly presents his clinical work at international meetings. He is passionately involved in training young Plastic Surgeons, both nationally and internationally.
Mr Tare’s clinical practice follows the key principles of integrity, transparency and innovation and his two primary concerns are the safety and best interests of his patients. His clinical interests include Aesthetic Facial Surgery (eyelids, Face Lift, crooked nose correction by Rhinoplasty, Pinnaplasty for prominent ears), Breast Augmentation, Uplift and Reduction, Tummy Tuck, liposuction to thighs, calf and arms, contouring and labiaplasty. Mr Tare also offers non-surgical aesthetic treatment (i.e. Botulinum toxin injection) for facial wrinkles and excessive armpit sweating and dermal fillers for facial rejuvenation and deep wrinkles.
Mr Tare will help you to make decisions and usually offers two consultations to cosmetic patients before performing a procedure. He is supported by the team of Specialist Plastic Surgery Nurses at Baddow Hospital.
• Cosmetic surgery procedures
• Skin cancer and general plastic and reconstructive surgery
• Scar revision
• Hand surgery
• Cosmetic fillers
Consultant Renal Physician
Aroon is a Consultant Renal Physician at Basildon & Thurrock University Hospital Foundation Trust, where he looks after patients at all stages of kidney disease, including dialysis and transplant. He is also an Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer at University College London.
Aroon qualified from Kings College London in 1988 and trained at several hospitals, including Guy’s & St Thomas’s, University College and Bart’s and The London. He undertook a PhD at UCL and was appointed a consultant at Basildon University Hospital in 2000, where he is currently Lead for Chronic Kidney Disease. Aroon continues to work with UCL Medical School and is currently the lead for the final year of training.
• Chronic Kidney Disease
• Urinary abnormalities (including proteinuria and haematuria)
• Acute kidney dysfunction
• Nephrotic syndrome
• Renal stones.
Consultant Rhinologist and Ear, Nose and Throat surgeon
Martyn is a Consultant Rhinologist (a sub-specialist Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeon) with an NHS practice at Southend Hospital. He has particular experience in sinus, nasal airway and lacrimal (tear duct) disorders.
Martyn completed his basic medical training at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London.
He obtained an MSc in evidence-based medicine at Oxford, and an MD by research in nasal (and lung) airways disease in Dundee. He went on to ENT training in Scotland then undertook two sub-specialist fellowships in Auckland and Amsterdam.
In both fellowships, Martyn trained with world leaders - advanced sinonasal and skullbase surgery in Auckland, and facial plastic surgery in Amsterdam.
He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, chairman to SurgTech (non-profit surgical education), a keen educator and regular contributor to international meetings in his speciality.
Subspecialist and Revision Rhinology (Nasal Surgery) including:
• Sinusitis (chronic rhinosinusitis)
• Nasal airway surgery - septoplasty and functional rhinoplasty (congenital, traumatic, or post surgical)
• Repair of nasal perforations
• Lacrimal (tear duct) surgery
• Associated conditions - anosmia (loss of the sense of smell), facial pain, allergy.
Pain Management Consultant
Dr Haider believes in a holistic approach to pain management which includes medications, physical therapy, simple and high end interventions, as well as Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT).
Dr Haider was appointed a Pain and Anaesthetic Consultant in 2012, following extensive and high quality training in anaesthesia and pain medicine in Yorkshire Deanery, Nottingham, North London and India, spanning a period in excess of 12 years.
He undertook Advanced Pain Fellowship in a West Yorkshire scheme at Leeds and Bradford and was awarded Fellowship of the Faculty of Pain Medicine of the Royal College of Anaesthetists.
Dr Haider is on the editorial board of the Journal of Observational Pain Medicine. He has co-authored a chapter in a pain textbook titled ‘Symptom Oriented Pain Management’. He also co-founded and manages the national group for pain fellows in the UK.
Dr Walton is a Consultant Rheumatologist with special clinical interests in soft tissue rheumatology, gout, rheumatoid arthritis and paediatric rheumatology. Dr Walton is a member of the British Medical Association, the British Society of Rheumatology and the Royal College of Physicians.
Having qualified as a doctor in 1992 from the University of London, Dr Walton went on to train in General Medicine & Rheumatology at St Thomass’, Guy’s & Kings College Hospitals in London, where he completed research into the Management of Painful Shoulders and Connective Tissue Disease. Dr Walton joined Colchester Hospital University Foundation Trust in 2002. He has been heavily involved in education as Royal College Tutor and is both Undergraduate and Postgraduate Clinical Tutor in Rheumatology.
Dr Walton is responsible for the management of over 800 patients with inflammatory arthritis and is the Department Lead for Paediatric Rheumatology.
He has a special interest in and has developed local treatment guidelines for the management of gout.
In addition, he has developed new services, including a joint clinic with a hand surgeon.
Antony Gross is a Consultant Physiotherapist based in Essex. Antony specialises in the assessment and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries including:
• Low back pain
• Sports injuries
• Chronic pain.
Antony qualified as a Chartered Physiotherapist in 2008 and soon specialised in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. In 2012, he became Lead Physiotherapist for a local pain service, specialising in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of spinal and chronic pain.
Since 2010, Antony has also worked extensively in professional sport, providing expert physiotherapy treatment at both national and international tournaments.
• Low back pain
• Sports injuries
• Chronic pain management
Dr Brann recently retired after 30 years as a GP in Boreham, Essex. He used hypnotherapy as part of his practice throughout that time and is currently President of the British Society of Clinical and Academic Hypnosis (BSCAH)
Dr Brann’s first degree was in Applied Biology and he worked as a Clinical Biochemist before studying medicine at Guys and St Thomas’s Hospital London. Having completed GP training in Chelmsford, Dr Brann became a partner in Boreham & Hatfield Peverel Practice, where he remained until his retirement in 2014.
During that time, Dr Brann held various posts: chair of the Mid Essex GPAC, Chair of Chelmsford PCG, Chair of EGPC and GP member of Mid Essex CCG.
Dr Brann practiced hypnotherapy throughout his time as a GP. He obtained the Accreditation of BSCAH in 1985, was amongst the first cohort to obtain the post graduate Diploma in Clinical Hypnosis (1990) from Sheffield University and went on to obtain the Master’s Degree (MMedSci 1996), both with distinction. He became President of BSCAH in 2010. He was instrumental in the preparation of a definitive new textbook on hypnotherapy for the society, being one of the editors and a major contributor to ‘The Handbook of Contemporary Clinical Hypnosis’, Brann, Owens, Williamson (eds) 2012 Wiley.
• Psychosomatic problems
• Medically unexplained symptoms
• Chronic pain
• Victims of abuse
• Psychosexual problems
• Obstetrics & infertility.
Consultant trauma & Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgeon
Tim Williams is a Consultant in Trauma and Orthopaedics with a special interest in foot & ankle surgery. His ethos is to keep things ‘Safe, Sensible and Straightforward’.
Throughout Mr Williams’ senior training and consultancy years, he has been interested in foot and ankle surgery. Though he has ensured a solid base in Orthopaedics and Trauma, his specialist focus has been clear.
Mr Williams maintains this focus through professional reading, attending courses and meetings, both national and overseas. A further ambition of his is to complete a travelling fellowship during the early stages of his senior career. Having always enjoyed teaching and its many skills, Mr Williams hopes to expand this aspect of his career as it matures. He has both lectured to and formally examined medical students at Cambridge University, as well as having been invited to speak to future radiographers at the University of East Anglia. He has been put forward to the Royal College of Surgeons as Instructor Potential in ATLS.
With considered reading of both the lay and professional press, Mr Williams tries to maintain an understanding of the ever-evolving workings of the NHS and its many facets. He has experienced, and now fully appreciates, the need for self and departmental appraisal through the processes of clinical governance.
• Foot and ankle surgery
• Fracture fixation
• Hindfoot realignments
• Hindfoot fusions
• Flat foot correction
• High arch correction
• Ankle arthroscopy
• Ankle fusion
Personal areas of interest:
Sports injuries of the foot and ankle, particularly arthroscopy and ligament reconstruction, an interest which has developed through working with the paratroopers at Colchester Garrison and their Regional Rehabilitation Unit.
Achilles tendinopathy and rupture management.
• Ankle ligament reconstruction
• Tendon transfers for foot drop
Oral Maxillofacial Consultant
Mr Bhatt is a Consultant in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at both Southend University Hospital and Mid Essex Hospital NHS Trust. He treats patients with any oral and maxillofacial surgical problem, although his main areas of practice are jaw deformity correction (both birth and acquired); problems with salivary glands; facial skin lesions; lumps and bumps of the head and neck, including those inside the mouth; difficult teeth extractions, including impacted wisdom teeth; and procedures to improve oral rehabilitation using dentures and implants.
Holding the post of Honorary Lecturer at the University of Birmingham, Mr Bhatt believes and teaches clinical excellence - giving the best care possible with honesty, empathy and understanding to every patient.
Mr Bhatt qualified as a dentist from the internationally-renowned College of Dental Surgery in Manipal, India in 1992. Following this, he undertook postgraduate training in oral and maxillofacial surgery at King Georges Medical College in Lucknow, India where, while training as a Resident, he was awarded MDS (OMFS) from the University of Lucknow in 1997 for his clinical research on the release and reconstruction of TMJ ankylosis in children
He went on to teach Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery as Assistant Professor at the College of Dental Surgery in Mangalore, India before moving to the UK to pursue further training.
After moving to the UK, Mr Bhatt completed his medical training at the University of Birmingham in 2004, undertaking basic surgical training in the West Midlands in Trauma, Orthopaedics, General surgery plus intensive and critical care. He was then appointed to the West Midlands Higher Surgical Training Programme, where he gained experience in the entire range of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery procedures. During this training, Mr Bhatt spent two years at Birmingham University Hospitals including Queen Elizabeth Hospital, home of the Royal College of Defence Medicine, where pioneering Cranio-Maxillofacial Trauma, Deformity and Reconstructive Surgery is undertaken.
Mr Bhatt was selected for the Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Orthognathic Surgery Fellowship, sponsored by AOCMF Foundation, which he undertook in the highly regarded Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Albert Ludwigs University in Freiberg, Germany.
Mr Bhatt presents at national and international meetings and is widely published in indexed journals. He is a very active Advanced Life Support, Advanced Trauma Life Support and European Trauma Course Instructor. He also organises and teaches on maxillofacial courses in the UK and abroad.
Mr Bhatt treats patients with any oral and maxillofacial surgical problem. His main areas of practice are jaw deformity correction (both birth and acquired deformities); problems with salivary glands; facial skin lesions; lumps and bumps of the head and neck, including those inside the mouth; difficult teeth extractions, including impacted wisdom teeth; and procedures to improve oral rehabilitation using dentures and implants.
o Dental implants and oral medicine
o Oral surgery – all forms of surgery inside the mouth, including removal of teeth and removal of lumps etc
o Jaw deformity – orthognathic surgery to correct birth or acquired deformity
o Facial plastic and cosmetic surgery and keyhole facial surgery for facial lumps and bumps
o Surgical dermatology – removal of lesions of the skin on the face and neck - and reconstruction
o Salivary gland disease
o Facial trauma surgery.
Consultant Plastic Surgeon
Mr El-Muttardi is a full-time Consultant Plastic and Burns Surgeon based in Essex.
Mr El-Muttardi's areas of interest are melanoma and skin cancer - he operates on various types of skin cancer using different forms of reconstructive techniques.
Mr El-Muttardi is a Consultant Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon and consults at the St Andrew's Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery.
Mr El-Muttardi trained in London Charing Cross Hospital, Chelsea, Westminster, Great Ormond Street Hospital and the Cosmetic Fellowship at Wellington Hospital.
• Melanoma and skin cancer
• Burns and burns reconstruction
• Abdominal wall reconstruction
• Cosmetic Surgery- Abdominoplasty
• Breast Asymmetry
• Breast Augmentation
• Breast Reduction
• Nipple correction
• Ear deformities.
Consultant Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeon
Mr Charalampopoulos is a Consultant Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeon based at Broomfield Hospital in Chelmsford, Essex. His main interests are oesophagogastric resections, gallbladder and hernia operations, as well as surgery for the morbidly obese (weight loss surgery).
Mr Charalampopoulos graduated with honours from the University of Athens Medical School in 2002 (9th out of more than 600 students) and undertook his surgical training in the UK and Greece. In 2010, Mr Charalampopoulos completed his surgical training and gained his CCT in General Surgery. Following this, he was offered a prestigious fellowship in Gastric and Oesophageal Cancer Surgery at the National Cancer Centre Hospital in Tokyo, Japan, where his training was immensely enhanced in the field of extensive Lymph Node Dissection and Laparoscopic Functional Gastrectomies for early gastric cancer.
For the next two years, Mr Charalampopoulos completed fellowships in Bariatric and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery in both cancer and benign diseases at St George’s and St Thomas’ Hospitals in London.
Mr Charalampopoulos has attended surgical oncology courses in Mount Sinai Hospital, New York and advanced Laparoscopic Surgery courses at the world-renowned centre IRCAD/EITS in Strasbourg France. He has performed thousands of open and laparoscopic operations, the majority of which are in upper gastrointestinal and laparoscopic surgery.
Mr Charalampopoulos has completed a Master’s Degree (MSc) in the field of pancreatitis and was awarded a PhD with Honours for his work in gastrointestinal oncology and adhesion molecules. His research has been published extensively, including in one of the most prominent medical periodicals, The New England Journal of Medicine.
Mr Charalampopoulos has published more than 70 papers in peer-reviewed international medical journals, being first author in many of them. He is an active Editorial Board Member of many surgical journals and has been invited to be an Associate Editor for several.
Mr Charalampopoulos has been an invited speaker at many international surgical and medical meetings and congresses and has received multiple awards and distinctions for his work.
Mr Charalampopoulos is an expert Consultant Upper GI Surgeon based in Broomfield Hospital Essex and specialises in Laparoscopic (key hole) Surgery for hernia repair. More than 80% of his operations are performed laparoscopically.
Other operations that he performs include Oesophagectomies (removal of gullet), gastrectomies (removal of stomach), Paraoesophageal Hernia Repair & Anti-Reflux Surgery (treatment of heartburn), repair of abdominal wall hernias (inguinal, umbilical, and incisional), Cholecystectomies (removal of gallbladder) and Upper GI Endoscopies.
Mr Charalampopoulos also has a special interest in morbid obesity (Bariatric or Weight Loss Surgery) and he performs Laparoscopic gastric band insertion, Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies and Laparoscopic gastric bypass.
Mr Gangooly is a Gynaecology Consultant with Mid Essex Hospitals in Chelmsford. He treats general gynaecological conditions and has a special interest in treating couples with subfertility and women with menstrual disorders.
Mr Gangooly completed his medical degree in Calcutta, India in 1995. He undertook postgraduate training in Gynaecology and Obstetrics, which led to an MD in Gynaecology and Obstetrics. During his training in the United Kingdom, he obtained the MRCOG in 2002.
Mr Gangooly’s training started at King’s College Hospital, where he completed a Fellowship in Assisted Conception and Infertility at St Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. The other emphasis in his training was in Advanced Endoscopic Surgery at Princess Royal University Hospital and Lewisham Hospital in London. He is currently a Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Lead for Infertility Services and Gynae Endoscopy at Broomfield, Mid Essex Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.
Mr Gangooly specialises in treating couples with subfertility, women with menstrual disorders and general gynaecological conditions, with an interest in endometriosis. He aims to offer endoscopic treatment modalities where feasible and safe, with an emphasis on subfertile couples.
• General gynaecology
• Laparoscopic surgery
• Hysteroscopic surgery
Consultant General & Upper GI Surgeon
Mr Kadirkamanathan is a General Surgeon and one of three surgeons in Chelmsford operating on patients with oesophageal and gastric cancer. His NHS base is Broomfield Hospital.
Mr Kadirkamanathan graduated from medical school in 1984 and undertook surgical training as a Registrar in Liverpool between 1989 and 1992. Following this, Mr Kadirkamanathan obtained a research fellowship at the Royal London and St Bartholomew's Hospital where he performed ground breaking research work on Capsule Endoscopy and Endoluminal Surgery. He then undertook Senior Registrar training in the London and North-East Thames regions.
Mr Kadirkamanathan is an advocate of Bariatric Surgery. He believes that, by providing treatments such as gastric banding, patients' wellbeing can be radically improved, both physically and mentally.
• Upper GI cancer surgery
• Laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery of the oesophagus and stomach
• Capsule endoscopy motility of the upper GI tract
• Gastric pacing/gastric electrical stimulation therapy for gastoparesis
Consultant General Surgeon
Mr Khoo is a Consultant General Surgeon based at Queens Hospital, Romford.
Mr Khoo qualified from Guy’s Hospital London in 1983. He has extensive experience, practising across the south east of England, including King’s College, Norwich, Ipswich, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Guy’s, Papworth, The Royal Free, Chichester, Portsmouth, Hammersmith, Colchester, Ashford and St Thomas’ Hospitals. In 1996, Mr Khoo was appointed Consultant in Harold Wood and Oldchurch Hospitals.
Mr Khoo is a current member of the British Society of Gastroenterology, the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland and the Hospital and Consultants Specialist Association, as well as a Fellow of the RCS England. In 2009, Mr Khoo was awarded the ‘Silver Scalpel’ prize by the Association of Surgeons in training.
• Advanced laparoscopic surgery (various)
• Surgery of the gut
• Cancer surgery.