Head & Neck Symptoms
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Temporarily enlarged glands may occur with an infection such as tonsillitis, skin or ear infections. If the nodes are persistently enlarged you should consult a doctor. Possible causes include infections (viruses, bacteria or others), tuberculosis, lymphoma and cancers of the head and neck.
Small painful ‘apthous ulcers’ of the mouth or throat may be caused by infections or trauma. Ulcers which do not heal quickly are enlarging or persist beyond 3 weeks should be seen urgently by a doctor.
Skin Lesions of the Head and Neck
Lesions of the skin of the face and neck such as moles, skin tags and birthmarks, although usually benign, can be cosmetically unsightly. These can often be removed with cautery, laser or surgery. Skin tumours are rare but more serious.
Heartburn (Acid Reflux)
Acidic juices may back up from the stomach into the oesophagus (gullet) and throat. This is called gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. This may occur at any time, but happens more often when lying down. The most common symptom of acid reflux is “heartburn” although it can also cause hoarseness. Other symptoms of acid reflux may include: excessive mucous or phlegm, sensation of a lump in the throat, sore throat, wheezing or post-nasal drip.
Problems in the thyroid gland can present as a lump or generalised swelling of the gland (goitre). Sometimes only the function of the gland is affected without a change in structure. The gland can produce too much thyroxine (hyperthyroidism) or too little thyroxine (hypothyroidism. The symptoms of altered thyroid function can include:
- Weight changes
- Hair loss
- Heat/cold intolerance
- Muscle and Joint Pains, Carpal Tunnel/Tendonitis Problems.
- Neck Discomfort/Enlargement
- Skin Changes
- Depression and Anxiety.
- Bowel Problems
- Menstrual Irregularities and Fertility Problems
Dizziness and imbalance is the second most common medical complaint people report to their doctors. It is estimated as many as 40% of adults are affected at some time in their life.
Because the symptoms are subjective, patients may use various terms to try to describe the unpleasant sensations they feel.
- Motion sickness
- Positional dizziness
- Visual Vertigo
- Meniere’s disease