If you and your partner decide you no longer want to have children, a vasectomy may be the answer. During a minor operation, the tubes that carry sperm from a man’s testicles to the penis are cut, blocked or sealed.
A vasectomy is more than 99% effective. Having a vasectomy will not protect against sexually transmitted infections, so you will still need to use condoms to protect yourself and your partner.
The traditional technique, called conventional vasectomy, involves making two small incisions in the scrotum (the pouch of skin that surrounds your testicles) using a scalpel (surgical knife).
A local anaesthetic is given before the procedure which numbs the area. A small incision is made in the scrotum to locate and seal the vas deferens (sperm carrying tubes). The incision is very small and no stitches are needed. The small incision is then protected via a dressing and the procedure is complete.
It’s common to have some discomfort, swelling and bruising of your scrotum for a few days after the vasectomy. You may have blood in your semen in the first few ejaculations after the procedure, but this is also common.
A semen analysis is performed at 12 and 16 weeks to check it is clear of sperm and that the procedure has been effective.
A vasectomy has no effect on sex drive or ability to enjoy sex. You will still have erections and ejaculate normally. The only difference is that your semen will not contain sperm.
It is possible to have a vasectomy reversed, however, the procedure is not always successful.
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